Heavy social media use can be linked to depression and other mental disorders in teens Asmelash, Asmelash, L. Social media use may harm teens' mental health by disrupting positive activities, study says. More than million people worldwide are affected by depression World Health Organization, World Health Organization. Establishing regular routines, such as exercise, can help survivors of disasters recover from trauma American Psychological Association [APA], n.
American Psychological Association. Recovering emotionally from disaste r. In-text references should immediately follow the title, word, or phrase to which they are directly relevant, rather than appearing at the end of long clauses or sentences. In-text references should always precede punctuation marks. Below are examples of using in-text citation. Gass and Varonis found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic. Direct quote: include page number and place quotation marks around the direct quote.
For example:. This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect. That is, prior experience with nonnative speech, such as that gained by listening to the reading, facilitates comprehension. APA style has specific rules for citing works by multiple authors.
Use the following guidelines to determine how to correctly cite works by multiple authors in text. For more information on citing works by multiple authors see the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines page on in-text citation. Note: When using multiple authors' names as part of your narrative, rather than in parentheses, always spell out the word and. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older.
This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Using In-text Citation Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. Example paragraph with in-text citation A few researchers in the linguistics field have developed training programs designed to improve native speakers' ability to understand accented speech Derwing et al.
References Derwing, T. Citing Web Pages In Text Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. Li, S. Learning to do qualitative data analysis: An observational study of doctoral work. Qualitative Health Research , 17 10 , Barnard, R. Studies In Higher Education , 40 5 , — Survey of wearable multi-modal vital parameters measurement systems. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Kasabov, N.
Yang, J. Evolving spatio-temporal data machines based on the NeuCube neuromorphic framework: Design methodology and selected applications. Neural Networks, 78 , Go to the In-text citation page to learn how to do in-text citations. Alred, G. Best, A. International history of the twentieth century. Flesch, R.
How to write plain English. Qualitative Health Research , 17 , — Radio New Zealand. Annual report Read, E. Myth-busting gen Y. New Zealand Management. A secondary citation is where you are citing information or quotes the author of your reference has taken from source that you have not read. Coltheart, M. Atkins, P. Models of reading aloud: Dual-route and parallel-distributed-processing approaches.
Psychological Review , , — The new format includes https and the prefix doi. Oppenheimer, D. Improvement of writing skills during college: A multi-year cross-sectional and longitudinal study of undergraduate writing performance. Assessing Writing , 32, 12— Articles retrieved from library databases may include ezproxy. This ezproxy information should be removed. You could do a Google search for the journal title within double quotation marks , e.
Or, go to the Library database Ulrichsweb , search by the journal title or the journal's ISSN to find the journal record. On the journal record page, find the journal URL for your reference. This can happen to some discontinued journals, or journals archived in an archival database only.
If you use electronic resources without DOI, such as an ebook or a data set or a journal without a website, from a library database, You are required to include the URL of the database homepage in your reference. An ebook "Small town sustainability: economic, social,and environmental innovation". It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Reference List A reference list lists only the sources you refer to in your writing. Same year of publication for both - add 'a' and 'b' after the year, inside the brackets. Include this in the in text citation. Use of square brackets If format, medium or description information is important for a resource to be retrieved or identified, use square brackets after the title to include this detail: Scorsese, M.
Reference examples One author a book chapter Easton, B. One author, multiple works published in the same year Rush, E. Two authors a journal article with doi Li, S. Click the type of resources on the left column to find more reference examples. Reference List example References Alred, G. Secondary citations A secondary citation is where you are citing information or quotes the author of your reference has taken from source that you have not read.