group therapy research papers

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Group therapy research papers education essay editing service

Group therapy research papers

Due to the relatively long duration and frequency of treatment sessions the feasibility of this intervention needs further research. Iran is one of the countries with a high prevalence of opioid use. Drug dependence, in addition to, causing various physical and psychological complications, also leads to adverse social complications, one of which is family disorganization and decreased marital satisfaction. In a controlled clinical trial, group psychotherapy, based on the cognitive-behavioral principles, was used for drug addicts under methadone maintenance treatment.

It was shown that the group under group psychotherapy used less medications compared to the control group; in a follow-up of 6 months the difference was significant. This study highlights group psychotherapy in subjects under methadone maintenance treatment. They came to the conclusion that all three groups showed a partial remission after seven months, but the group that received psychotherapy in addition to being under methadone maintenance treatment showed more improvement.

The results of the studies by Woody et al. To our knowledge, the transtheoretical model of change TTM has not been used in group psychotherapy of the patients and the families of the opioid-dependent patients. TTM model provides an integrated framework for understanding, measuring, and planning behavior intervention. In this model, change is considered as a progress through a five-step sequence. It includes pre-contemplation stage, in which the subject does not think about change, contemplation, preparation, action, and the fifth stage being the maintenance, at this stage the subject maintains a long term change.

This study was done on patients under methadone maintenance treatment in Shahid Beheshti Hospital Kerman, Iran in This was an open trial study. First, a list of all the married subjects under methadone maintenance treatment between the ages 19 to 40 was prepared. Then, 48 patients were randomly selected from this population and the subjects of the sample group were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. All the participants were assured of the confidentiality of the information and wrote an informed consent.

A sample size of 24 in each group was calculated considering type I and II errors, which respectively were 0. Subjects were assigned to two groups of intervention and control using random numbers. FAD includes 60 questions; each question is scored 1 to 4 1 for strongly agree, 2 for agree, 3 for opposed, and 4 for strongly opposed.

This questionnaire was used to assess the overall health and pathology of the family. The questions are answered based on a five-point Likert scale; from Always score 5 to Never score 1. In this questionnaire higher scores indicate the worse family health conditions. The group therapies of the intervention group based on the transtheoretical approach were held for 29 sessions 2 times a week.

The first 14 meetings included early stages of change pre-contemplation, contemplation, and preparation and the next 15 meetings were for later stages of change action, and maintenance. Trainings were given by the second author of the article. The meetings always began with a brief group supervision, and later the main title of each meeting was introduced.

The main titles of the meetings, respectively, were as follows: stages of change, one day of life, physiological effects of alcohol, physiological effects of drugs, expectations, stipulation of insights, values, benefits and flaws, communications, reliability and temptation, problem solving, setting goals and preparing for change, identifying the triggers, stress management, reward of my successes, effective communication, effective refusal, criticism management, thoughts management, fad and temptation management, new ways to enjoy life, developing a practical program, the commitment after slip, social support, identifying needs and resources, review and conclusion.

After distributing the manuscripts of each meeting, a group discussion was carried out about these activities. The meetings were always finished after a brief supervision and briefing. Upon completion of the course about 4 months , the subjects completed the questionnaire again.

No special measures were taken for the control group no treatment group. For comparison of the questionnaire scores after intervention, analysis of covariance was used. A total of 24 patients in the control group, and 23 patients in the intervention a patient withdrew from the study in early meetings of group therapy were evaluated. Other background variables are compared in table 1. The overall goal of group therapy is to increase the awareness of the individuals, of themselves and the others, help them to start making changes they want to achieve in life, and also to provide the necessary tools to accomplish these changes.

Group therapy is concerned with the unconscious factors of the individuals' past and rehabilitation of the main aspects of their personalities. Although some studies expressed doubts about the efficacy of TTM, especially on complex behaviors, this study showed the effectiveness of this model on decreasing the challenges of the family of a patient under MMT Table 2.

However, it should be also noted that the P value was a little more than the conventional value of 0. As mentioned, the intervention consisted of two phases. In the first phase, consisted of three phases; pre-contemplation, contemplation, and preparation with the objective of raising consciousness, the number of individuals' conscious about themselves and family challenges increased. Gradually they were shown the best course of action in order to prepare for entering the second phase, action and preparation.

In the second phase, which lasted 15 days, stimulus control and avoiding potential triggers of unhealthy family relationships were highlighted. Finally, anger management techniques followed by helping relationships were practiced.

They were always reminded of the fact that "making a change, however, does not guarantee that the change will be maintained". In the interpretation of these results two points should be kept in mind. First, although the efficacy of the transtheoretical model of change in behavior is questionable in some complex behaviors, this study showed that using this model can lead to behavior control in individuals and their healthier functioning in the family.

Second, interventional treatments on families and also couple therapy are not always associated with promising results, and only half of these interventions have been associated with positive effectiveness. It should be kept in mind that this was an efficacy study, and the impact of intervention on ideal conditions was evaluated.

We must see to what extent the client is willing to fully participate in 29 meetings under usual conditions, and whether they are able to pay the fees. However, in this study, family functioning of the patients under MMT showed improvement despite the two mentioned facts. This is an important finding which indicates that, by using stage-of-change and group therapy, steps can be taken to improve family functioning of this group of patients.

The family functioning of the MMT treated patients based on the transtheoretical model of change showed beneficial effects. Due to the relatively long duration and frequency of treatment sessions the feasibility of this intervention warrants further research.

Conflicts of Interest. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. This activity features questions for group discussion with a focused on opening up about childhood and family issues. Questions are arranged in a timeline format starting with birth then continuing chronologically to the present. Because some issues can be sensitive, group members are encouraged to be open and try to share what they can but to also make sure not to share more than they are comfortable with at this time in their recovery.

The group activity ends with a discussion on coping in the present and the future, as well as some discussion about involving family members in treatment if possible. Behavioral treatment of essential hypertension: a comparison between cognitive therapy and biofeedback of heart rate. The efficacy and the mechanisms of action of two behavioral treatments for essential hypertension were compared: cognitive group therapy for anger control and biofeedback for heart rate control.

The cognitive therapy aimed at lowering the The treatments were held in 17 weekly sessions; during treatment, blood pressure was measured once a month, and during follow-up after 1 and 6 months. The anger level and heart rate control were assessed at the beginning and the end of treatment. The main results were: 1 a significant decrease of blood pressure for both treatments as compared with control, This article continues to explore some crucial differences between group analysis as a western approach to group therapy and the Minia integrative dynamic model an approach that was developed in Egypt in the last decade.

The article The article re-emphasizes the assumption that certain socio-cultural factors can grossly affect both the theory and practice of group psychotherapy; so, what can work for. Research on the therapeutic utility of these with respect to mental health is limited, particularly in Research on the therapeutic utility of these with respect to mental health is limited, particularly in India.

We describe here our facilitator experience with expanding the offline group therapy model to online platforms using Google Meet, with an analysis of attendance and modalities of engagement and a description of our therapy notes and themes of discussion. We describe facilitator experience of continued therapeutic support through WhatsApp by analyzing the chats and thematic coding of the same. We also describe here our attempt at using social media for community mental health outreach through dissemination of mental health messages on Instagram and Facebook; data was analyzed using engagement metrics.

Observations of the utility and limitations of these video conferencing and social media platforms and suggestions for effective use are provided. Differentiating symptoms of complicated grief and depression among psychiatric outpatients. This study examined whether dimensions of complicated grief CG could be distinguished from dimensions of depression and whether these dimensions were differentially affected by group psychotherapy for CG.

A total of psychiatric A total of psychiatric outpatients who had experienced one or more significant death losses provided ratings on standard measures of grief and depression. Factor analysis of the 56 items from these measures was used to explore the possibility that grief and depression symptoms would form separate dimensions of distress.

Subsamples of the patients also participated in 1 of 2 forms of short-term group therapy for CG. Repeated-measures analysis of variance and calculation of effect sizes were performed to examine changes in the dimensions following treatment. The grief items formed 3 distinct clusters representing different dimensions of CG. None of the depression items loaded highly on these grief dimensions.

The depression items formed 2 distinct clusters. Two of the grief dim The evolution of therapeutic change studied through generic change indicators. A survey was The service mix differed. Integrated CBOCs more often offered group therapy, medication management, and smoking cessation. Integrated VAMC clinics more frequently used written suicide protocols and depression screening.

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