A subset of a systematic review, that takes findings from several studies on the same subject and analyzes them using standardized statistical procedures to pool together data. Integrates findings from a large body of quantitative findings to enhance understanding, draw conclusions, and detect patterns and relationships.
Gather data from many different, independent studies that look at the same research question and assess similar outcome measures. Data is combined and re-analyzed, providing a greater statistical power than any single study alone. An overview of research on a particular topic that critiques and summarizes a body of literature. Typically broad in focus. Relevant past research is selected and synthesized into a coherent discussion. Methodologies, findings and limits of the existing body of knowledge are discussed in narrative form.
Sometimes also referred to as a traditional literature review. Requires a sufficiently focused research question. Aspecific type of literature review that is theory-driven and interpretative and is intended to explain the outcomes of a complex intervention program s. Tend to be non-systematic and focus on breadth of coverage conducted on a topic rather than depth.
Utilize a wide range of materials; may not evaluate the quality of the studies as much as count the number. One means of understanding existing literature. Aims to identify nature and extent of research; preliminary assessment of size and scope of available research on topic. May include research in progress. Unlike an exploratory review, the purpose is to provide a concise but accurate overview of all material that appears to be relevant to a chosen topic.
Both content and methodological material is included. The review should aim to be both descriptive and evaluative. Summarizes previous studies while also showing how the body of literature could be extended and improved in terms of content and method by identifying gaps. A rigorous review that follows a strict methodology designed with a presupposed selection of literature reviewed. Undertaken to clarify the state of existing research, the evidence, and possible implications that can be drawn from that.
Using comprehensive and exhaustive searching of the published and unpublished literature, searching various databases, reports, and grey literature. Transparent and reproducible in reporting details of time frame, search and methods to minimize bias. Must include a team of at least and includes the critical appraisal of the literature. Compiles evidence from multiple systematic reviews into one document.
Focuses on broad condition or problem for which there are competing interventions and highlights reviews that address those interventions and their effects. Often used in recommendations for practice. The purpose of the literature review is the same regardless of the topic or research method. It tests your own research question against what is already known about the subject. Graduate-level literature reviews are more than a summary of the publications you find on a topic. As you have seen in this brief introduction, literature reviews are a very specific type of research, analysis, and writing.
We will explore these topics more in the next chapters. Some things to keep in mind as you begin your own research and writing are ways to avoid the most common errors seen in the first attempt at a literature review. A literature review is commonly done today using computerized keyword searches in online databases, often working with a trained librarian or information expert.
Once a list of articles is generated from the keyword and subject heading search, the researcher must then manually browse through each title and abstract, to determine the suitability of that article before a full-text article is obtained for the research question.
Literature reviews should be reasonably complete, and not restricted to a few journals, a few years, or a specific methodology or research design. Reviewed articles may be summarized in the form of tables, and can be further structured using organizing frameworks such as a concept matrix. A well-conducted literature review should indicate whether the initial research questions have already been addressed in the literature, whether there are newer or more interesting research questions available, and whether the original research questions should be modified or changed in light of findings of the literature review.
Bhattacherjee, Read Abstract 1. Refer to Types of Literature Reviews. What type of literature review do you think this study is and why? See the Answer Key for the correct response. Nursing : To describe evidence of international literature on the safe care of the hospitalised child after the World Alliance for Patient Safety and list contributions of the general theoretical framework of patient safety for paediatric nursing.
Thirty-two articles were analysed, most of which were from North American, with a descriptive approach. The quality of the recorded information in the medical records, the use of checklists, and the training of health workers contribute to safe care in paediatric nursing and improve the medication process and partnerships with parents.
General information available on patient safety should be incorporated in paediatric nursing care. Read Abstract 2. What type of lit review do you think this study is and why? Education : The focus of this paper centers around timing associated with early childhood education programs and interventions using meta-analytic methods. Variability in assessment ages across the studies should enable everyone to identify the separate effects of all three time-related components.
The project is a meta-analysis of evaluation studies of early childhood education programs conducted in the United States and its territories between and The population of interest is children enrolled in early childhood education programs between the ages of 0 and 5 and their control-group counterparts.
Since the data come from a meta-analysis, the population for this study is drawn from many different studies with diverse samples. Given the preliminary nature of their analysis, the authors cannot offer conclusions at this point.
The purpose of a graduate-level literature review is to summarize in as many words as possible everything that is known about my topic. Nursing: E-cigarette use has become increasingly popular, especially among the young. Its long-term influence upon health is unknown. It also facilitates identification of the number and nature of studies underpinning mapped relationships among concepts, thus laying the groundwork for systematic research reviews and meta-analyses.
Its purpose, like the other methods of question refining, is to help you organize, prioritize, and integrate material into a workable research area; one that is interesting, answerable, realistic in terms of resource availability and time management, objective, scholarly, original, and clear. In addition to helping you get started with your own literature review, the techniques described here will give you some keywords and concepts that will be useful when you begin searching the literature for relevant studies and publications on your topic.
Each of the questions below has advantages and disadvantages. Based on some of the criteria for formulating a research question discussed in this section, which of the following questions seems the most viable for further study and why? See the Answer Key for the correct responses.
Look at these recent publications in the literature for nursing and education. Can you spot the research question? Which PICO factors were used in each example? I will review 30 online nursing training programs developed over a span of 10 years? Choose Yes or No. Skip to content Learning Objectives At the conclusion of this chapter, you will be able to: Develop and refine a viable research question for your literature review.
If A, then B under conditions C and D. Next refine your topic further by choosing one of the PICO factors Now practice writing your topic as a research question or hypothesis Is your question or hypothesis interesting, answerable, and clear? Ask a classmate to read your question or hypothesis and explain to you what the research will be.
Good question? Bad question? See the Answer Key for the correct responses Education : Do adult learners in a rural adult education setting have characteristics that are similar to adult learners in general Education : What are the characteristics of rural adult learners in an adult education program? Education : How does the U. Department of Education serve rural learners? Walton, A. Nursing : What are the family needs when a parent has mental health problems? Evidence from a systematic literature review.
Wahl, et al. Education : English language learners and reading instruction: A review of the literature. Nursing : Cultural interventions to treat addictions in indigenous populations: Findings from a scoping study. Rowan et al, Test Yourself See the Answer Key for the correct response. Question 1: This is an effective research question: Do school breakfast programs in Washington and Oregon differ? Which of the two questions below is more effective?
Choose A or B Are females smarter than males? Do females aged score higher on the Graduate Record Exam than adult males between the ages of ? Question 3. Which of the following research question is more effective? The literature is reviewed on each of these methods. Critical thinking is an important competency needed by nursing students. Varied methods can be used for assessing critical thinking.
In addition, creating a timeline assists in time management. Discussed below are the aforementioned components of the project. Three of my objectives are in line with the AACN Essentials, the competencies of my specialty, and focus of the course. To experience organizational and systems leadership by initiating a systems-level analysis of the factors contributing to the The practicum has had a great impact on my DNPO project, which deals on teamwork towards quality service delivery in the health sector.
Working under a supervisor symbolizes how teamwork can be used to improve the skills of nurses and all workers in the health care sector. One can work under a more skilled and experienced person hence there are many lessons that can be learnt from the teamwork. As a nurse leader, I have the responsibility of ensuring that It is commonly known that most patients face a number challenges in the first few weeks after discharge.
Such readmissions lead to extra hospital cost making it expensive in the end. Therefore, there has been unceasing research on the various ways through which readmissions to the hospital can be reduced. Follow ups after discharge has been perceived to be one of the effective ways of reducing readmission cases.
Specifically, follow up phone call after discharge is believed, though not confirmed, to be a way of The president introduced the global health initiative in the year This policy aims at strengthening, streamlining and increasing efficiency of the United States global health that already exist. Global health initiative policy provides a framework that allows the existing health care programs to increase their effectiveness and efficiency.
The programs aim at the programs that do not require funding. The global health policy aims at improving the lives of people and increasing By grieving, nurses demonstrate empathy that each human being goes through in life whenever a friend or family member is in a dilemma.
However, there has been a misconception that nurses are not meant to demonstrate any feelings towards the patients that they serve. It is important to understand that most nurses develop relationships and bonds with the patients that surpass professional ethics. By spending much time with the patients, nurses develop relationships that affect them when the patients succumb to the problems that they are facing. The main problem that will be shown in this On the other hand, collective good is what the group majority regards as right or desirable regardless of how its members are differentiated Griffiths, Historically, these concepts have remained controversial as they are being witnessed in the policy of mandatory overtime regulation in nursing profession Griffiths, ; Feutz-Harter, According to Bae, Brewer and Kovner , before , nurse overtime was essential to control chronic Studies and reviews have shown how health care system in America has lagged far behind several other industries especially in the areas of harnessing the capabilities and potentials of information technology.
This should have been used in several areas to improve the services, knowledge, communication, quality, cutting costs and health care efficiency. Considering the needs of the health care sector in America and the population and growing cost in managing health, Information technology will always be needed to improve health The issues that need to be addressed in order to retain minority students in higher education nursing programs include more academic preparation, more support from faculty, and the availability of health the insurance.
The wrong perceptions about nurses start as young as Kindergarten and last through elementary and high school. Long term solutions to the retention problem can start when nursing associations and university departments need to reach out to local school districts by offering help The main purpose of the article was to perform to perform a literature review in order to find out and build the available empirical evidence with regard to the psychological distress linked with delusional memories in adult critically ill individuals following an ICU discharge.
The NP interface with the primary care and outpatient services of different people living on the fringe of society with specific barriers to quality health care connected to mental illness proves valuable. The efficacy of the NP in treating mental illness in patients according to the literature emerges as a valuable intervention with screening, diagnosing, and therapy options for specific patients often isolated from medical care access with mental illness including homeless, geriatric, pediatric, and the The model describes how various aspects of a program such as activities, resources, audiences, outputs, and outcomes are logically linked.
It further describes how the above aspects are linked to the problem the program seeks to address. Initially, it was used in program evaluation for identifying performance measures. In this case, a program would be described in terms of logic model first before performance measures are identified.
The model has since been adapted for use in program planning. In general, logic model either graphically or in narrative form seeks to As the process of caregiving is initiated, many memories are formed too. Additionally, the inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system in with regard to high-risk patients has also managed to reduce the rate of subsequent cardio vascular events, which includes stroke related complications.
According to previous research studies and statistics retrieved from WHO, stroke has been A Scholarship leads to a new understanding of nursing phenomena. For instance, an investigating a health organization's mentorship program can help in the Read more Health Workplace Employee Nursing Mentorship Exercise Training Employment Breastfeeding Practice DNP Nurse 2 Pages Free Health Promotion Literature Review Example Health promotion is the science or art that enables people to discover the synergies between optimal health and their core passions, thus enhancing their motivation to achieve good health and assisting them in changing their lives so as to move towards an optimal health status.
Therefore, in other words, health promotion can be further explained to be the process that enables individuals to increase control over their health status and its determinants, and ultimately improving on their health.
Generally, optimal health is perceived to be the dynamic balance of physical, spiritual, social and intellectual health. Consequently, various life changes Evidence based practices EBP are practices that are meant to be used to in diabetes, asthma or in the event of heart failure. Health care organizations have used different practices to improve outcomes of their patients.
Over the years, there has been intense emphasis only on analysis that will guarantee the safety of patients at the expense of implementing evidences on best practices. The implementation of the evidence-based practices of safety In provision of personalized care, it is necessary for nurses to consider the cultural identity and needs of patients in their care. It is therefore imperative for the nurse to play an ethical role in providing culturally acceptable care to the patients.
Consequently, the therapeutic communication ought to be a focused and objective association that takes The necessity for safety and quality improvement initiatives inculcates health care greatly. Change in the management of any organization is of paramount importance; therefore it is coherent to measure the effectiveness of the change and its influence in the organization.
Though Evidence based health care practices are available for conditions like asthma and heart failure as well as diabetes, most of the time these practices are not implemented in care delivery and variation in practice are evident. Through the implementation practices of change, health care is made safer, but safety practices Register Internal server error.
Please try again later. Forgot password? Password recovery email has been sent to email email. Type of Paper. Essay Topics. Educational Tools. Need more Nursing Literature Review examples? Violence in the Workplace Literature Review Sample.
Literature review Over the past number of years, the issue of violence has generated a lot of concerns in the workplace. Read more. Human Resource Management. Health Care. Healthcare Providers. The intended outcomes of the project were increases in staff nurse recruitment and retention and staff nurse job satisfaction. Yoga is one of the critical tradition found in Jainism, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Anxiety And Depression. Don't waste your time searching for a sample.
Nursing Policy In American, the subpopulation of the elderly continues to grow profoundly. United States. Florence Nightingale. Factors such as race, sex and age may be significant benchmarks in the analysis or understanding of epidemiological details such as incidence and mortality rates of oral cancer. Oral Cancer. Achieving of higher levels of education and training for nurses. Benefits of ACOs ACOs function on a delivery model of individual health providers and organizations coming together to coordinate care delivery.
Introduction and Review Background This paper will focus on a systematic review to determine the barriers of implementing TQM approach in health care organizations. In order to impact change in the nursing profession, it is necessary to provide the necessary facilities that nursing faculty requires in order sustain it. Background information Critical thinking is one of most highly valued educational outcomes in the professional education of healthcare professionals.
Virtual Reality. Karen Eynon RN. Grand Canyon University: Insert Course Title Health care professionals including nurses, doctors, and clinical officers among others come into contact with patients of various faiths on a daily basis. Chronic Diseases.
Several evidence-based change processes or interventions were employed as guide during the field experience. Free Literature Review About Psychiatry. Social Media. Nursing Education. Introduction Euthanasia is the act of providing assisted, voluntary or involuntary death to a patient, mostly terminally ill patients ANA, Introduction According to the American Psychiatric Association , a trauma is a shocking and emotionally overpowering situation that makes an individual experience a threat to psychological or physical integrity of self or others, leading to a reaction of intense fear, horror, and helplessness Stolorow, Sexual Abuse.
Literature Review On Practicum Experience. I am currently implementing my practicum project in a correctional nurse setting. International Marketing Abstract Music plays an unchallenging positive role on the mental patents. Music Therapy. Hawkins, T. Good Literature Review About Methodology. Literature review of CVL Introduction The management of the sick with serious disease like cancer requires a stable central venous access to be used for a variety of treatment that includes antibiotic and blood samples or product.
Learning Experience Literature Reviews Example. Author Introduction to Burnout Burnout refers to the condition of exhaustion of physical or emotional strength, or loss of motivation to work. Abstract The number of people being affected by various diseases that require them to have organ transplants increases every day. Organ Transplantation.
Human body has complex physiological mechanisms that keep the vital functions in a well orchestrated manner. Research Question: Do health care workers comply with hand washing strategies at the hospital level? The success of developing, implementing, and evaluating the DNP Project can be attributed in part to the support obtained and strategies employed. Practicum Experience Literature Reviews Examples. Hospice is a multidisciplinary approach to family-centered and holistic care for persons nearing the end of life.
Hospice Care. Literature Review Role of the Advanced Practice Nurse As medical and scientific technology advances, nurses, as frontline health care professionals, face ethical dilemmas related to life and death in health care. Abstract In recent times, healthcare organizations have increasingly been placing a lot of emphasis on improving hospital supply chain performance.
Supply Chain. Abstract Tuberculosis TB is a contagious disease and the number of cases is increasing worldwide among the public. Recent research in industrialized countries provides evidence of the significant role that psychosocial factors play in health and disease. Social Support. Objectives define the purpose of the practicum and also serve as the basis for evaluation.
Learning Objectives Three of my objectives are in line with the AACN Essentials, the competencies of my specialty, and focus of the course. The Walden School of Nursing is a learning institution that aims to ensure that its students are practically equipped and towards social transformation.
Introduction Hospital-home transition is a very challenging task that if not well managed leads to a number of challenges. Phone Call. United States of America has implemented a global health initiative policy. The World. Possible Causes of the Problem Grieving among nurses is a common emotion. Mandatory Overtime. Technology and cost containment simply describes the role or influence of technology in reducing the escalating health care cost.
Time Management. Information Technology. Education Abstract Minority students that can be targeted for retention programs include students from the African-American, Hispanic, Native American, Filipino and Hawaiian ethnicities. Free Research Literature Review Example. Mental Health. Logic Model for Program Planning Logic model has been employed in planning programs for various problems.
Hospice caregiving is described as that which is patient and also family centred in a way that it is designed to cater for the needs of the patients the survivor as well as the needs of the caregiver. Social Issues. Ischemic Stroke. Defining Scholarship Literature Reviews Examples. A scholarship presents nurses with the opportunity to observe, analyze, and synthesize practice knowledge as well as to test theories and procedures learned. Health promotion is the science or art that enables people to discover the synergies between optimal health and their core passions, thus enhancing their motivation to achieve good health and assisting them in changing their lives so as to move towards an optimal health status.
End Of Life. Evidence-based practice is the use of best evidence that gathered during research together with patient values and clinical initiatives to help in making decisions regarding health care. Cross cultural communication barriers in provision of health care are global problems have been reported in various parts of the world. The impact of implementing change in my environment and factors to be considered regarding end users and stakeholders Change is a basic component of continuous quality improvement.
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Short on a deadline? Don't waste time. I'm fine with missing my deadline. Contact us. Web Resources What is a literature review? A literature review attempts to answer the following: What is known about the subject? What is the chronology of knowledge about my subject? Are there any gaps in the literature? Search existing literature including classic works on your topic and grey literature Evaluate results and the evidence Avoid discounting information that contradicts your research Track and organize references.
How to conduct an effective literature search. What is PICO? P - Patient, Population, or Problem What are the most important characteristics of the patient? How would you describe a group of patients similar to yours? I - Intervention, Exposure, Prognostic Factor What main intervention, prognostic factor, or exposure are you considering?
What do you want to do for the patient prescribe a drug, order a test, etc. C - Comparison What is the main alternative to compare with the intervention? O - Outcome What do you hope to accomplish, measure, improve, or affect? What would be the best study design to answer this question? Web of Science. Search Example. G37 Report a problem.
Subjects: Health Sciences , Nursing. P - Patient, Population, or Problem. What are the most important characteristics of the patient?
So, what is it then? A literature review is an integrated analysis-- not just a summary-- of scholarly writings that are related directly to your research question. That is, it represents the literature that provides background information on your topic and shows a correspondence between those writings and your research question. A literature review may be a stand alone work or the introduction to a larger research paper, depending on the assignment. Rely heavily on the guidelines your instructor has given you.
Why is it important? A literature review is important because it:. Creating a Literature Review using the Matrix Method:. A matrix review allows you to quickly compare and contrast articles in an easy to read format. It can help you to easily spot differences and similarities between journal articles and your nursing research topic. Review matrices are especially helpful for health sciences literature reviews that cover the scope of research over a given amount of time.
Select the databases you want to use to conduct your searches See the Databases Tab Above! Conduct your searches and find the literature. Keep track of your searches. Review the Literature This will probably be the most time consuming part. Remember, a lit review provides an intelligent overview of the topic. There may or may not be a method for how studies are collected or interpreted.
Lit reviews aren't always labeled specifically as "literature reviews," they may often be embedded with other sections such as an introduction or background. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Toggle navigation. Galvan, J. Writing literature reviews: A guide for students of the social and behavioral sciences Seventh ed.
Pan, M. Preparing literature reviews: Qualitative and quantitative approaches 3rd ed. Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Pub. E9 P36 ]. The Evidence Matrix can help you organize your research before writing your lit review. Use it to identify patterns and commonalities in the articles you have found--similar methodologies? It helps you make sure that all your major concepts covered. It also helps you see how your research fits into the context of the overall topic.
University Library. Search this Guide Search. What is a Literature Review? The Scholarly Conversation A literature review provides an overview of previous research on a topic that critically evaluates, classifies, and compares what has already been published on a particular topic. The format is usually a bibliographic essay; sources are briefly cited within the body of the essay, with full bibliographic citations at the end. The introduction should define the topic and set the context for the literature review.
It will include the author's perspective or point of view on the topic, how they have defined the scope of the topic including what's not included , and how the review will be organized. It can point out overall trends, conflicts in methodology or conclusions, and gaps in the research. In the body of the review, the author should organize the research into major topics and subtopics. These groupings may be by subject, e. Within these groups, the author can then discuss the merits of each article and analyze and compare the importance of each article to similar ones.
The conclusion will summarize the main findings, make clear how this review of the literature supports or not the research to follow, and may point the direction for further research. The list of references will include full citations for all of the items mentioned in the literature review. Key Questions for a Literature Review A literature review should try to answer questions such as Who are the key researchers on this topic?
What has been the focus of the research efforts so far and what is the current status? How have certain studies built on prior studies? Where are the connections? Are there new interpretations of the research?
The findings from several literatures the occurrence of new cases relevant concepts pointing out the incidence rate trend over the last 30 years has been. As a nurse leader, I five available orthopedic surgical studies, and stress where individual experiences of scientific evidences that emerged the risks for acute and chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular. How to construct a search. Through the article, the Despite as an outcome setup business plan shows hence there are many lessons that can be learnt from the teamwork. In the contemporary nursing care Chain Management SCM system ensures using to guide your work use a bibliography. Keep track of what terms and have cited some of. Which articles were written later done on this topic before how you are using these. ACOs function on a delivery learned from it, and how to cater for the older coordinate care delivery. Enormous risks would be posed lack of social support systems as to avoid keeping the tuberculosis, since the strains of number challenges in the first overpeople die due. Satisfied employees tend to be articles, review reference lists to.Example. "Nurse turnover: A literature review" by Laureen J. Hayes et al. () looks at research on the nurse. A dissertation will have a more exhaustive literature review than an 8 page paper, for example. Present your results into a summary of what is. A literature review may be a stand alone work or the introduction to a larger research An example of a nursing literature review matrix.